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MBA英语备考,北京大学EMBA培训班教你从句变非谓动词有哪些规则

2019-03-24 来源:北大在职研修班招生网 阅读:80

  冲击MBA联考英语,一定要对MBA联考英语语法有清晰的认识。今天为大家总结下MBA联考英语语法|从句变非谓语动词。

  一、从句变分词的情况

  1、定语从句变分词:

  定语从句变现在分词表主动

  The student who is talking with the monitor is Lucy。/The student talking with the monitor is Lucy。

  A dictionary is a book which gives the meaning of words。/A dictionary is a book giving the meaning of words。

  The man who is wearing a white suit is my friend。/The man wearing a white suit is my friend。

  The bike and its rider that had run over an old man were taken to the police station。/The bike and its rider having run over an old man were taken to the police station。

  Have you ever visited the Great Wall,which attracts thousands of tourists each year?/Have you ever visited the Great Wall, attracting thousands of tourists each year?

  定语从句变过去分词表被动

  This is the pen which was given by my friend。/This is the pen given by my friend。

  The animal that/which is lost is a panda。/The animal lost is a panda。

  2、时间状语从句变分词结构:

  When you think you know nothing,then you begin to know something。/ Thinking you know nothing,then you begin to know something。

  After we have finished the work,we went home。/Having finished the work,we went home。

  二、从句变动词不定式的情况

  1、目的状语从句变动词不定式

  We used computer in order that we might save time。/We used computer in order to save time。

  I hire a boat so that i could go fishing。/I hire a boat so as to go fishing。

  In order that you may create such a picture, you have to possess certain artistic weapons。/In order to create such a picture, you have to possess certain artistic weapons。

  2、结果状语从句变动词不定式

  He arrived late so that he missed the train。 / He arrived late so as to miss the train。

  He wrote so carefully that he made no mistakes。 / He wrote so carefully as to make no mistakes。

  3、定语从句变动词不定式(表将来):

  This is the meeting which will be held next week。/This is the meeting to be held next week。

  4、主语从句变动词不定式(表将来):

  It is said that our school will be rebuilt。/Our school to be rebuilt is said。

  三、从句变动名词的情况

  1、主语从句变动名词

  It is certain that she will come to the discussion。/Her coming to the discussion is certain。

  2、表语从句变动名词

  My idea is that you should make good use of your time。/Making good use of your time is my idea。

  3、宾语从句变动名词

  I am sure that she will come and join us。/I am sure her coming and joining us。

  He is pleased that he passed a tough test。/He is pleased his passing a tough test。

  以上我们不难发现从句转为非谓语动词形式要遵循的规律有:

  1、形容词性从句(定语从句)提升为动词分词和动词不定式结构时,先行词要在定语从句中充当主语;

  2、 状语从句提升为动词分词和动词不定式结构时,要遵循主从句主语一致的原则;

  3、 名词性从句提升为动名词或动词不定式时,连接主从句的连接词that在从句中不充当成分。

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